Ethiopia: The Emblem Of African Valor And Resistance

The Battle of Adwa That Shook Africa

ETHIOPIA - CIRCA 2002:  Battle of Adwa, the first and second battalion of riflemen on Mount Rajo, March 1, 1896. War in Abyssinia, Ethiopia, 19th century. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)

ETHIOPIA – CIRCA 2002: Battle of Adwa, the first and second battalion of riflemen on Mount Rajo, March 1, 1896. War in Abyssinia, Ethiopia, 19th century. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)

The 1st of March, 2017, was the 121th anniversary of the Battle of Adwa in which the Ethiopian Empire defeated the Kingdom of Italy. Not only did this battle secure Ethiopia’s sovereignty but ensured its unique status of being the only African nation not to be colonized following the ‘Scramble for Africa’. The victory at Adwa which resulted in Ethiopia’s victory in the first Ethiopian-Italian war, would also comprise one of the few but notable battles and wars where a non-European army successfully defeated a more technologically advanced European army.

The significance and impact of the victory was not isolated in Ethiopia but resonated globally as it dented notions of African inferiority against the superiority of white Europeans. However, the victory of Adwa would result in unforeseen consequences for Ethiopia and its neighbors. Nevertheless, Adwa remains a great source of pride for Ethiopians and Africans to this day as African scholar Molefe Asante explains:

’Ethiopia became emblematic of African valor and resistance, the bastion of prestige and hope to thousands of Africans who were experiencing the full shock of European conquest and were beginning to search for an answer to the myth of African inferiority.’’

The events leading to Adwa were the culmination of increased Italian aggression following the signing of the Treaty of Wuchale by both Italy and Ethiopia in 1889. The treaty granted Italy the Northern Ethiopian regions of Bogos, Hamasen and Akale-Guzai which are now part of modern day Eritrea and Tigre. Article XVII of the Amharic version stated that the Emperor of Ethiopia ‘could’ conduct all foreign affairs through Italy. However, in the Italian version, the word ‘must’ was used, thereby officially rendering Ethiopia a protectorate under Italy. Emperor Menelik rejected the treaty in 1893 which was met with a military response as Italy began annexing small territories past the Mareb River, which was demarcated as the border for Eritrea.

The victory at Adwa was primarily due to the sheer size of Menelik’s army but also due to Menelik’s calculated preparations and foresight in stockpiling modern weaponry. Mistakes on the part of the Italian Generals whom used inaccurate maps also contributed to the defeat.

Today in Ethiopia, Adwa is celebrated as a national holiday and signifies the prestige that Ethiopia holds among its own people and in Africa. The Battle of Adwa must be seen in the light of other historical events such as the Haitian Revolution (1804), the Battles of Little Bighorn (1876), Isandlwana (1879) and Khartoum (1885). These were successful cases of colonized and oppressed people, who defeated superior armies in their goal to liberate themselves and assert their independence. 

Read the full story By Omar Z.: The Battle that shook Africa

Source: http://onlineethiopia.net

Melanian News Celebrates Dr. Sebi for BHM

“When an old man dies, a library burns to the ground.” – African proverb

In honor of the man who developed an all-natural cure for AIDS, cancer, diabetes and other diseases, may his memory never die and may his life’s work continue to restore the sick!

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In 1985 Dr. Sebi placed an ad in The Amsterdam News, The New York Post, and The Village, the ad read…

“Aids has been cured by the Usha Research Institute, and we specialize in cures for Sickle Cell, Lupus, Blindness, Herpes, Cancer and others.”

The ad ran for 2 years before he was attacked by the Attorney General of New York. Dr. Sebi was told to remove the ad, when he refused, within days he was served with an arrest warrant. According to Dr. Sebi the Attorney General bragged that he was going to “put Dr. Sebi under the jail!” The charges read to the jury was as follows..

Mr. Alfred Bowman aka Dr. Sebi, you are hereby charged with practicing medicine without a license, selling products not approved by the FDA (Federal Drug Administration) and claiming to cure Aids, and other diseases which is a fraudulent claim.”

Dr Sebi was told to bring 1 person for each of the diseases he claimed to court with proof from a reputable doctor that the individual had the disease, then proof from another reputable doctor that the person was cured. Instead of bringing 1 for each disease, over 70 people filled the court all with proof! The judge shook his head according to Dr. Sebi and said I did not ask for all of this. To make a long story short, the judge after seeing the proof and speaking with Dr. Sebi turned to the states attorney and asked, “Did you investigate the man?” he said, “No” The judge then said, “well, from the answer he just gave me, he cures AIDS. You all are in trouble.” Dr. Sebi was then found NOT GUILTY on all charges by the state of New York and the Supreme Court because he was indeed curing people of the various diseases, including AIDS.

Sebi learned the craft of herbal healing from his grandmother and a Mexican herbalist, spent decades studying plants in North, South, and Central America, Africa and the Caribbean” and created a line of natural disease-combating cell food compounds used for inter-cellular cleansing and cellular revitalization. For nearly 30 years, he reversed a range of ‘incurable’ ailments with this treatment plan.

Dr. Sebi died while imprisoned in Honduras shortly after he was arrested for (allegedly) being in the illegal possession of $37,000 dollars at the airport in Roatán, an island in the Caribbean about 40 miles off the coast of Honduras. While it is claimed that Dr. Sebi was arrested on suspicion of money laundering. Those close to him, question his arrest and manner in which he died while in custody. Information is sparse surrounding the circumstances of his arrest and subsequent death on August 6, 2016 in Barrio Ingles, La Cieba, Honduras. He was 82 years old.

It is further interesting to note:  50 holistic doctors dying in questionable circumstances over the last 2 years.

Ethiopian Airlines’ ShebaMiles to Launch Platinum Tier Level

ethiopian-airlines-shebamilesEthiopian Airlines has recently announced that it has introduced a Platinum tier level in its frequent flyer loyalty program, ShebaMiles, as of January 2017.

The Platinum tier level offers extra benefits to frequent flyers that accrue 75, 000 status miles or 60 qualifying segments within one calendar year, Jan 1st –Dec 31st with in the validity period of two years, in addition to the remaining months in the qualification year.

Ethiopian Airlines Group CEO Mr. Tewolde GebreMariam said, “ In our continuous effort of improving the special benefits to our high value and loyal customers, we have now launched a Platinum Tier level, offering our ShebaMiles members enormous privileges, from dedicated hotline service at our Global Call Center to personalized assistance up on departure at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport, three complimentary upgrade with in the platinum tier validity, guaranteed seat up to 24 hours before departure in the highest booking class-both in our cloud nine and economy classes, 100 % tier bonus Miles and extra baggage allowance on ET operated flights and so much more. These are in addition to the benefits enjoyed by our Gold members. At last, I would like to take this opportunity to thank our customers for their continued patronage and for their strong vote of confidence in choosing Ethiopian Airlines as their carrier of choice.”

RELATED: Ethiopian Airlines Plan Record Expansion for 2017

Ethiopian Airlines has recently redesigned its ShebaMiles web page to improve customers’ online experience in terms of ease of use, data quality and better control on account management through enhanced self-service options. Customers flying both on Ethiopian or the Star Alliance network worldwide, can easily access and enjoy membership privileges on www.ethiopianairlines.com.

Source: Ethiopian Airlines
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Other stories:

 


Is the New Proposed Legislation to Provide Reparations for African Americans Reasonable?

un-panel-reparationsWashington, DC — On February 10, 2017, proposed legislation was submitted to the DC Board of Elections. It is a model for legislators to provide opportunities for previous slave owners, and those that participated in enslavement of African Americans families to make amends.

The proposed legislation submitted by John Cheeks, head of the United States Citizens Recovery Initiative Alliance Inc. (USCRIA), is the first legislation to provide benefits, at no cost to the taxpayers. It is also an opportunity for individual families, industries, businesses, faith-based institutions, governments and others to be held accountable.

The Legislation will help descendants of American Slaves, many of whom live in poor, underserved, and high crime areas in the United States. The benefits are not handouts, and differ from other historical reparations, such as those given to Japanese citizens entered during WW II and Native Americans.

The benefits include:

  1.  Aid to businesses
  2.  Providing educational opportunities
  3.  Improving Health
  4.  Providing Mental Health, Alcohol and Substance Abuse care
  5.  Housing Ownership
  6.  Financial Protection
  7.  Veterans Rights
  8.  Credit Acceptance
  9.  Career Rights

Cheeks comments, “All benefits are designed to improve life for individuals, families and communities. In doing so, the nation benefits.”

His proposal is that these benefits will be paid by major U.S. and international corporations and foreign governments which fostered and participated in slave trade. Budgets are being prepared for distribution of funds collected from those entities that participated in some way with slavery.

Eligibility criteria have been proposed which include proof by DNA testing. Those claiming benefits must be 40% descendants of slaves, and born in the United States.

The proposed law, the DC Recovery Act, objective is to restore identities, cure injuries and provide opportunities and justice to families that were subjected to inhumane treatment.

The proposed legislation was drafted over a year, by a team of experts and citizens working with USCRIA, and was submitted to the DC Board or Elections, on the same date as the United States Congress initiated the Fugitive Slave Law on February 12, 1793.  BlackNews.com

For the complete text of the proposed legislation, go to www.uscria.com/legislation.html

Arguments Against Reparations

The most famous statement of the arguments against reparations comes from David Horowitz, a conservative author in Los Angeles, who took out a series of advertisements in college newspapers in the spring of 2001. His advertisement, entitled, “Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Slavery are a Bad Idea and Racist, Too,” established the basis for the arguments against reparations.

At Brown University, students concerned about the effects of hate speech over campus life seized nearly 4,000 copies of the Brown Daily Herald. At Duke, more than one hundred students demonstrated outside President Nan Keohane’s office demanding that The Chronicle, their campus newspaper, provide a full-page of ad space for students to respond to Horowitz’s attack and that they forfeit the $793.80 fee they received from Horowitz.

At the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a group of progressive students calling themselves “On The Wake of Emancipation” responded to Horowitz’s claim that Black Americans should feel grateful to whites for freeing them from slavery by staging a ceremony of mock appreciation in which students dressed in black, and marched to the steps of Saunders Hall — a campus building named after the founder of the North Carolina chapter of the Ku Klux Klan.

What’s Horowitz’s Agenda?

Horowitz has been paying an average of $800 to $1,000 for each ad that is published. His original intent was to publish in fifty campus newspapers, which would have cost between $40 -$50,000.

Funding for these advertisements supposedly comes from his Center for the Study of Popular Culture, an organization Adolph Reed has derisively referred to as “nothing more than a phone number and mail drop.” While Horowitz is a successful writer, a Guggenheim Fellow, and the editor of Front Page magazine, it seems doubtful that anyone short of the very wealthy would spend this sort of money.

Who is really fronting the cash for Horowitz’s campaign of misinformation?  Read Full Story: Solidarity-us.org

Melanian News Editor’s Note:

The Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Blacks is a Bad Idea for Blacks – and Racist Too by David Horowitz is such an atrocity to the dignity of African-Americans and the history of our forefathers suffering I will not display it on Melanian News nor will I link to it for your perusal—Google it because it is relevant to know what is on the narrow minds of those white Americans who believe what they are told for the benefit of themselves.

It is clearly propaganda that has been circulating in the collective consciousness of white America for many years and not for one instance do I believe David Horowitz acted on his own volition in the preparation of this reprehensible deed nor on his own conviction to afford the tremendous cost of circulating full-page ads of it in newspapers around the country—he is the “fall guy” of an initiative far greater than himself.

In a nation of people who rely on media to guide and inform them they must be given the ten talking points to support an argument against this long overdue reckoning  as we reach the apex of time to address an indisputable wrong –DVB

UN panel says the U.S. owes reparations to African-Americans

The UN Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent said that compensation is necessary to combat the disadvantages caused by 245 years of legally allowing the sale of people based on the color of their skin.

The U.N. group warned that the U.S. has not confronted its legacy of “racial terrorism.”

The report, which is non-binding, specified that reparations can come in a variety of ways, including educational opportunities, psychological rehabilitation, debt cancellation and formal apologies.

Some institutions have started to take these steps. Georgetown University announced earlier this month it would offering free tuition for descendants of the 272 slaves that were sold in 1838 to help pay the university’s debts.

The U.N. report also linked past injustices to recent police killings of black men that have sparked protests across the U.S.

“Contemporary police killings and the trauma that they create are reminiscent of the past racial terror of lynching,” the report said.

The U.S. created a reparations plan in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War that stated that freed families would be granted “forty acres of till-able land” and a mule from the Union Army. The plan, proposed by Union General William T. Sherman after meetings with black community leaders in Savannah, Georgia, was reversed by President Andrew Johnson and the land was returned to plantation owners.  PBS.org

40 Acres and a Mule: Who Came Up With the Idea?

Here’s how this radical proposal — which must have completely blown the minds of the rebel Confederates — actually came about. The abolitionists Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens and other Radical Republicans had been actively advocating land redistribution “to break the back of Southern slaveholders’ power,” as Myers observed. But Sherman’s plan only took shape after the meeting that he and Stanton held with those black ministers, at 8:00 p.m., Jan. 12, on the second floor of Charles Green’s mansion on Savannah’s Macon Street. In its broadest strokes, “40 acres and a mule” was their idea.  Read the Full Story:  PBS.org – Many Rivers to Cross

Standing Rock & the Sioux Nation Matters

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Over the weekend, (11/20/16) the situation at Standing Rock grew more contentious. On Sunday night, Morton County police sprayed the crowd of about 400 people with tear gas and water cannons as temperatures dipped below freezing.

AS POLICE UNLEASHED STREAMS of icy water Sunday night against Dakota Access pipeline demonstrators, Linda Black Elk, a member of the Standing Rock Medic and Healer Council, was helping care for injured demonstrators. The council estimated that 300 people were treated for injuries, including 26 who were taken to area hospitals.

“What it was like were people walking through the dark of a winter North Dakota night, some of them so cold, and sprayed with water for so long, that their clothes were frozen to their body and crunching as they walked. So you could hear this crunching sound and this pop-pop-pop, and people yelling [to the police], ‘We’ll pray for you! We love you!’” Black Elk said, describing the scene as police sprayed protesters with water and fired tear gas and rubber bullets during the more than six-hour standoff.

In the midst of the clash, the Medic and Healer Council, which was set up to provide health support to those fighting the pipeline, released a statement pleading with police to halt the use of water cannons. “As medical professionals, we are concerned for the real risk of loss of life due to severe hypothermia under these conditions,” the statement said.

Morton County Sheriff Kyle Kirchmeier said, “We don’t have water cannons,” explaining, “This is just a fire hose.”

“It was sprayed more as a mist, and we didn’t want to get it directly on them, but we wanted to make sure to use it as a measure to help keep everybody safe,” he said. “We’re just not going to let people and protesters in large groups come in and threaten officers. That’s not happening.”

The department characterized the protesters’ actions as “very aggressive,” saying that projectiles had been thrown at police, injuring one officer. Medics on the ground said the demonstrators they observed were unarmed and largely nonviolent. The department said it had requested additional assistance from law enforcement around the state, and that border patrol would be providing support.

Noah Morris was another medic at the scene. “They were just hosing people down with their water cannon that continued for the entirety of the four hours I was out there watching,” he said. He said that earlier in the week, the rivers and creeks nearby had started to crust over with ice. As he and his team flushed the eyes of people sprayed with tear gas, the water and milk of magnesia they used turned to black ice on the ground.

Morris said he knew of multiple people that had been hit in the head with rubber bullets or bean bag rounds. In a statement, the Medic and Healer Council described injuries including an elder who lost consciousness before being revived on site, a man who experienced a seizure, and a woman whose eye was injured when she was shot in the face by a rubber bullet.

The standoff began after pipeline opponents attempted to use a semi-truck to remove two charred military vehicles from a bridge. The vehicles were serving as a blockade between the large encampment known as Oceti Sakowin, which has served as a base for blocking the pipeline, and construction sites accessible farther down the highway. Beyond the burned-out vehicles stood cement road barriers topped with razor wire, behind which police and other security officials have been standing guard since the end of October. Their presence means a detour for those traveling between the Standing Rock Sioux reservation and the city of Bismarck, including emergency medical services.

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has requested Morton County to prevent protesters from trespassing on land north of the camp.”

Since April, when citizens of the Standing Rock Sioux Nation set up the Sacred Stone Camp, thousands of people have passed through and pledged support. Environmentalists and activist groups like Black Lives Matter and Code Pink have also stepped in as allies. Many people who have visited say that the camp is beyond anything they’ve ever experienced.

In the case of the Dakota Access Pipeline, the Standing Rock Sioux have been able to attract support from hundreds of tribes all over the country, not just in places that would be directly affected. The tribes aren’t just leaning on long-held beliefs about the importance of the natural world. They’re also using long-held resistance strategies. Like the encampment itself.

President Obama vetoed Keystone XL. But even at the time, A. Gay Kingman, the executive director of the Great Plains Tribal Chairman’s Association, warned that the reprieve would be temporary. “Wopila [thank you] to all our relatives who stood strong to oppose the KXL,” Kingman said in a statement after the veto. “But keep the coalitions together, because there are more pipelines proposed, and we must protect our Mother Earth for our future generations.”

Sources:

LEAH DONNELLA: Full Article

Alleen Brown: Full Article

 

Black Friday Boycott cost Retailers $1.5 Billion in loss of Sales Last Year!

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It is estimated that general retail loss will more than double this year in Lieu of the racial outbursts following Trump’s win. African-Americans are proudly holding their ground on spending their dollars and making conscious decisions on where they are spending based on the increase in sales for Black businesses which grew exponentially in 2015.

Last year sales at brick and mortar stores on Black Friday fell from $11.6 billion in 2014 to $10.4 billion in 2015, according to a report by Associated Press using data from the retail researcher ShopperTrak.  And though the Associated Press wants to attribute most of the decrease to online shopping, they have to acknowledge the impact made by the African-American boycott of Black Friday over the last two years being an increasing factor.

In spite of the media silence on the tremendous effect the boycott has had on the loss of retail sales on black Friday and the lack of acknowledgment by the mainstream news of the increased sales for Black Businesses, there is plenty of data to verify the plummeting affects the boycott has had on the retail market. They will not be able to ignore us much longer if we continue not only boycotting Black Friday, but boycotting major retail outlets that do not give back to the welfare of our communities at large.

Michigan Avenue Black Friday protests cost stores 25-50 percent of sales

Activists who blocked the entrances to stores on North Michigan Avenue on Black Friday last year protesting the fatal shooting of a black teenager by a white Chicago cop may have split opinions with their tactics. But as one retailer there said, “We were budgeted to make $37,000 but we only did $19,000”

The protesters marched down North Michigan urging holiday shoppers to boycott dramatically reduced foot traffic while other protesters who physically blocked shoppers from entering stores also hurt sales in a big way, according to the retailers.

Hopefully the physical barriers and public stances to remind  not to enter stores will stop being necessary; but if that’s what it takes until we are all on board as a united whole then hats off to the organizers preparing again this year to show up at business doors with their convictions.

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