black history month

Is the New Proposed Legislation to Provide Reparations for African Americans Reasonable?

un-panel-reparationsWashington, DC — On February 10, 2017, proposed legislation was submitted to the DC Board of Elections. It is a model for legislators to provide opportunities for previous slave owners, and those that participated in enslavement of African Americans families to make amends.

The proposed legislation submitted by John Cheeks, head of the United States Citizens Recovery Initiative Alliance Inc. (USCRIA), is the first legislation to provide benefits, at no cost to the taxpayers. It is also an opportunity for individual families, industries, businesses, faith-based institutions, governments and others to be held accountable.

The Legislation will help descendants of American Slaves, many of whom live in poor, underserved, and high crime areas in the United States. The benefits are not handouts, and differ from other historical reparations, such as those given to Japanese citizens entered during WW II and Native Americans.

The benefits include:

  1.  Aid to businesses
  2.  Providing educational opportunities
  3.  Improving Health
  4.  Providing Mental Health, Alcohol and Substance Abuse care
  5.  Housing Ownership
  6.  Financial Protection
  7.  Veterans Rights
  8.  Credit Acceptance
  9.  Career Rights

Cheeks comments, “All benefits are designed to improve life for individuals, families and communities. In doing so, the nation benefits.”

His proposal is that these benefits will be paid by major U.S. and international corporations and foreign governments which fostered and participated in slave trade. Budgets are being prepared for distribution of funds collected from those entities that participated in some way with slavery.

Eligibility criteria have been proposed which include proof by DNA testing. Those claiming benefits must be 40% descendants of slaves, and born in the United States.

The proposed law, the DC Recovery Act, objective is to restore identities, cure injuries and provide opportunities and justice to families that were subjected to inhumane treatment.

The proposed legislation was drafted over a year, by a team of experts and citizens working with USCRIA, and was submitted to the DC Board or Elections, on the same date as the United States Congress initiated the Fugitive Slave Law on February 12, 1793.  BlackNews.com

For the complete text of the proposed legislation, go to www.uscria.com/legislation.html

Arguments Against Reparations

The most famous statement of the arguments against reparations comes from David Horowitz, a conservative author in Los Angeles, who took out a series of advertisements in college newspapers in the spring of 2001. His advertisement, entitled, “Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Slavery are a Bad Idea and Racist, Too,” established the basis for the arguments against reparations.

At Brown University, students concerned about the effects of hate speech over campus life seized nearly 4,000 copies of the Brown Daily Herald. At Duke, more than one hundred students demonstrated outside President Nan Keohane’s office demanding that The Chronicle, their campus newspaper, provide a full-page of ad space for students to respond to Horowitz’s attack and that they forfeit the $793.80 fee they received from Horowitz.

At the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a group of progressive students calling themselves “On The Wake of Emancipation” responded to Horowitz’s claim that Black Americans should feel grateful to whites for freeing them from slavery by staging a ceremony of mock appreciation in which students dressed in black, and marched to the steps of Saunders Hall — a campus building named after the founder of the North Carolina chapter of the Ku Klux Klan.

What’s Horowitz’s Agenda?

Horowitz has been paying an average of $800 to $1,000 for each ad that is published. His original intent was to publish in fifty campus newspapers, which would have cost between $40 -$50,000.

Funding for these advertisements supposedly comes from his Center for the Study of Popular Culture, an organization Adolph Reed has derisively referred to as “nothing more than a phone number and mail drop.” While Horowitz is a successful writer, a Guggenheim Fellow, and the editor of Front Page magazine, it seems doubtful that anyone short of the very wealthy would spend this sort of money.

Who is really fronting the cash for Horowitz’s campaign of misinformation?  Read Full Story: Solidarity-us.org

Melanian News Editor’s Note:

The Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Blacks is a Bad Idea for Blacks – and Racist Too by David Horowitz is such an atrocity to the dignity of African-Americans and the history of our forefathers suffering I will not display it on Melanian News nor will I link to it for your perusal—Google it because it is relevant to know what is on the narrow minds of those white Americans who believe what they are told for the benefit of themselves.

It is clearly propaganda that has been circulating in the collective consciousness of white America for many years and not for one instance do I believe David Horowitz acted on his own volition in the preparation of this reprehensible deed nor on his own conviction to afford the tremendous cost of circulating full-page ads of it in newspapers around the country—he is the “fall guy” of an initiative far greater than himself.

In a nation of people who rely on media to guide and inform them they must be given the ten talking points to support an argument against this long overdue reckoning  as we reach the apex of time to address an indisputable wrong –DVB

UN panel says the U.S. owes reparations to African-Americans

The UN Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent said that compensation is necessary to combat the disadvantages caused by 245 years of legally allowing the sale of people based on the color of their skin.

The U.N. group warned that the U.S. has not confronted its legacy of “racial terrorism.”

The report, which is non-binding, specified that reparations can come in a variety of ways, including educational opportunities, psychological rehabilitation, debt cancellation and formal apologies.

Some institutions have started to take these steps. Georgetown University announced earlier this month it would offering free tuition for descendants of the 272 slaves that were sold in 1838 to help pay the university’s debts.

The U.N. report also linked past injustices to recent police killings of black men that have sparked protests across the U.S.

“Contemporary police killings and the trauma that they create are reminiscent of the past racial terror of lynching,” the report said.

The U.S. created a reparations plan in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War that stated that freed families would be granted “forty acres of till-able land” and a mule from the Union Army. The plan, proposed by Union General William T. Sherman after meetings with black community leaders in Savannah, Georgia, was reversed by President Andrew Johnson and the land was returned to plantation owners.  PBS.org

40 Acres and a Mule: Who Came Up With the Idea?

Here’s how this radical proposal — which must have completely blown the minds of the rebel Confederates — actually came about. The abolitionists Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens and other Radical Republicans had been actively advocating land redistribution “to break the back of Southern slaveholders’ power,” as Myers observed. But Sherman’s plan only took shape after the meeting that he and Stanton held with those black ministers, at 8:00 p.m., Jan. 12, on the second floor of Charles Green’s mansion on Savannah’s Macon Street. In its broadest strokes, “40 acres and a mule” was their idea.  Read the Full Story:  PBS.org – Many Rivers to Cross

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She Accomplished more in 4 Minutes than has been done in 50 years!

Beyonce

Good or bad, black or white, like it or not; Beyonce has accomplished more in 4 minutes to shake up racism in this country then has been done by all of us combined in 50 years! She could have done better, she could have done worse; or she could have sat back and pretended nothing was happening like most everybody else.  Formation has not only rocked the foundation of white dominance in America but has set off a ripple effect around the globe surpassing the highest magnitude of an earthquake on the Richter Scale — She gets a 10.0.

In recent history for Black America, the Black Panthers were the first group to get the NATIONAL ATTENTION of White America and that was over 50 years ago. They effectively outraged and injected fear into the class of white supremacy; but after the Black Panthers were all wiped out along with every other Black leader that was a potential threat of that time, white America has utterly ignored Black America since…that is until Beyonce performed live at the super bowl and in less than 5 minutes she GOT THEIR ATTENTION Nationally!  If we have learned our lesson the outcome will not be the same but the opportunity to do for self is once again upon us.

I strongly believe that if there is going to be change in the black communities around the world, it will be by the might and determination of those in danger of the greatest losses – The Black Woman.  She has shown what one black woman can do; imagine what all Black women can do together under one formation to stop the killings and disrespect.

Salute!

 

How To End Racism with 2014: End Black History Month in 2015

Morgan Freeman could not have said it better and his solution could not be simpler; nor more profound.

In a 2005 interview with Mike Wallace of CBS’ 60 Minutes, Academy Award-winning actor Morgan Freeman, took 60 seconds to make a statement that could virtually end racism in this country.  He said that having a Black History Month was “ridiculous” and that the best way to end racism today is to “stop talking about it.”  However, it is the last thing that he says in this video that is the end all to the problem of racism in America.

Freeman, known for his roles in The Shawshank Redemption, Unforgiven,and Million Dollar Baby, summed it all up with the most profound solution in less than a minute.  No more needs to be said.  I emphatically agree with him!

In lieu of all the racial unrest that has occurred this year, we desperately need to do things differently next year.  What better way to begin than to let go of the most useless, ridiculous celebration of so-called “Black History” that is really the history of how White America treated us anyway.

It has always been offensive for other races to force their awareness on us and it is selfish for us to continue to force our awareness on others!

THE NEGRO MOTORIST GREEN BOOK

The Negro Motorist Green Book, 1949

“The Negro traveler’s inconveniences,” writes Wendell P. Alston in The Negro Motorist Green Book for 1949, “are many and they are increasing because today so many more are traveling, individually and in groups. . . .

The GREEN BOOK with its list of hotels, boarding houses, restaurants, beauty shops, barber shops and various other services can most certainly help solve your travel problems. It was the idea of Victor H. Green, the publisher, in introducing the Green Book, to save the travelers of his race as many difficulties and embarrassments as possible.”

Click here to get the complete edition of The Negro Motorist Green Book in pdf format: http://www.autolife.umd.umich.edu/Race/R_Casestudy/Negro_motorist_green_bk.htm

The Negro Motorist Green Book

The Negro Motorist Green Book was a publication released in 1936 that served as a guide for African-American travelers. Because of the racist conditions that existed from segregation, blacks needed a reference manual to guide them to integrated or black-friendly establishments. That’s when they turned to “The Negro Motorist Green Book: An International Travel Guide by activist Victor Green and presented by the Esso Standard Oil Company. Originally provided to serve Metropolitan New York, the book received such an alarming response, it was spread throughout the country within one year. The catch phrase was Now we can travel without embarassment.

The Green Book often provided information on local tourist homes, which were private residences owned by blacks and open to travelers. It was especially helpful to blacks that traveled through sunset towns or towns that publicly stated that blacks had to leave the town by sundown or it would be cause for arrest. Also listed were hotels, barbershops, beauty salons, restaurants, garages, liquor stores, ball parks and taverns. It also provided a listing of the white-owned, black-friendly locations for accommodations and food.

The publication was free, with a 10-cent cost of shipping. As interest grew, the Green Book solicited salespersons nationwide to build its ad sales.

Inside the pages of the Green Book were action photos of the various locations, along with historical and background information for the readers’ review. Within the pages of the introduction, the guide states, There will be a day sometime in the near future when this guide will not have to be published. That is when we as a race will have equal opportunities and privileges in the United States .”

The Green Book printed its last copy in 1964 after the passing of the Civil Rights Act.

The link below will take you to the 1949 book in its entirety

http://www.autolife.umd.umich.edu/Race/R_Casestudy/Negro_motorist_green_bk.htm

Real BLACK History

(CBS) An explosive videotape that appears to show a group of Houston police officers beating a black teen burglary suspect last March has led to the firing and indictment of those officers, and a flaring controversy.

A surveillance camera caught the end of a police chase of 15-year-old Chad Holley, who had allegedly burglarizing a home.

Holley goes right to the ground, face-down, hands over his head, as if to surrender.

But then, reports CBS News correspondent Seth Doane, one officer appears to stomp on Holley’s head, while others kick him. One cop seems to land five kicks. Then, another officer punches him again, and again. As he’s picked up, there’s another kick.

“They just started kicking me from there, and I blanked out,” Holley says.

The video wasn’t supposed to be seen yet by the public, but was leaked by community activist Quannel X of the New Black Panthers Party this week.

He told “Early Show on Saturday Morning” co-anchor Russ Mitchell he was “shocked” when he first saw the tape.

“I was appalled,” he said. “I was absolutely angry at what they were doing, these police officers, to this young man who was on the ground. You could clearly see he surrendered, he gave up, and the beating he took was absolutely unnecessary. It was shameful.”

“We hear these stories all the time in our community, all the time,” local NAACP President D.Z. Cofield told reporters. “We just happen to have one that was caught on tape.”

A federal judge had barred the release of the video before a trial scheduled this summer, but then came the leak.

Houston Mayor Annise Parker, who’d supported the judge’s decision keeping the video under wraps, told a news conference, “I resent any implication that we were trying to hide the tape. … We investigated. We turned that investigation over to the district attorney, we backed the district attorney, and we fired the officers.”

Four officers have been indicted, charged with “official oppression,” a misdemeanor, not a felony. If convicted, each faces up to a year in jail and a $4,000 fine.

Mitchell remarked to X, “Defense attorneys and Houston police say it will be tough for the defendants to get a fair trial now that this tape is out there, and they are blaming you specifically for putting this tape out there.”

“I believe the people have a constitutional right to see the videotape,” X replied. “These are public servants in uniform, caught in the public, and this was caught on tape. And to say to the people that you could not see what they’re doing in uniform, in the public, is a disgrace and disrespectful to the citizens of Harris County, who have the intelligence and the ability to sit on a jury, look at the facts, put the pretrial publicity to the side and weigh the real information in this case.

“The videotape speaks for itself. There’s not much science to it. So to say that a jury can’t make a clear determination of what they’re seeing and weigh the facts in this case here in Harris County is an insult to the citizens and the people of Harris County.”

But Dick DeGuerin, lawyer for one of the officers seen in the tape, the first one to arrive at the scene, says he’s “very concerned” about his client getting a fair trial now that the video is in the public domain, “and all the judges that have seen this have been concerned about it.

“I’m a lawyer. I respect the law. And I think that a case like this ought to be played out in the courts before a fair jury that’s not influenced unduly by a video that’s now gone viral. It’s ugly. It’s awful. But if you look at it very carefully, my client, for instance, all he did was he ran up and tried to get this burglar from escaping and also tried to get his hands behind his back so he could be handcuffed. And then he ran off and made another arrest. He was only there less than four seconds.”

DeGuerin concedes, “If you look at the tape, you get angry. Anybody gets angry at seeing something like this.”

“These officers are paid by the public, with tax dollars,” Mitchell pointed out. “Shouldn’t the public have the right to see this tape?”

“Yes,” DeGuerin responded, “but I don’t think they have the right to see it right away. When you balance two constitutional rights, the right to a fair trial, and the right — the first amendment right of free speech, any time you have to balance one constitutional right against another, there has to be some compromise. The only compromise that all of the courts that looked at this said was, wait until the proper time to release the tape.”

Mitchell noted that Quannel X has been “applauded by the folks in your community for getting this tape into the public light. However there are people out there, I understand you received death threats, as well. Why do you think there are people angry about this?”

“Because,” X said, “many in the black community have always said that these beatings were taking place. Many African-American men make these allegations weekly in our community (about) the Houston Police Department. But this is the first time that we’ve ever captured one on videotape. And then, when the mayor herself publicly stated that I should be prosecuted for releasing this videotape to the public, that inflamed the community, and inflamed both sides, both police and those who want the police to be punished for this videotape. So I am in total disagreement with the mayor and those who say that the public had no right to see this videotape.”