Ethiopia

Ethiopia: The Emblem Of African Valor And Resistance

The Battle of Adwa That Shook Africa

ETHIOPIA - CIRCA 2002:  Battle of Adwa, the first and second battalion of riflemen on Mount Rajo, March 1, 1896. War in Abyssinia, Ethiopia, 19th century. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)

ETHIOPIA – CIRCA 2002: Battle of Adwa, the first and second battalion of riflemen on Mount Rajo, March 1, 1896. War in Abyssinia, Ethiopia, 19th century. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)

The 1st of March, 2017, was the 121th anniversary of the Battle of Adwa in which the Ethiopian Empire defeated the Kingdom of Italy. Not only did this battle secure Ethiopia’s sovereignty but ensured its unique status of being the only African nation not to be colonized following the ‘Scramble for Africa’. The victory at Adwa which resulted in Ethiopia’s victory in the first Ethiopian-Italian war, would also comprise one of the few but notable battles and wars where a non-European army successfully defeated a more technologically advanced European army.

The significance and impact of the victory was not isolated in Ethiopia but resonated globally as it dented notions of African inferiority against the superiority of white Europeans. However, the victory of Adwa would result in unforeseen consequences for Ethiopia and its neighbors. Nevertheless, Adwa remains a great source of pride for Ethiopians and Africans to this day as African scholar Molefe Asante explains:

’Ethiopia became emblematic of African valor and resistance, the bastion of prestige and hope to thousands of Africans who were experiencing the full shock of European conquest and were beginning to search for an answer to the myth of African inferiority.’’

The events leading to Adwa were the culmination of increased Italian aggression following the signing of the Treaty of Wuchale by both Italy and Ethiopia in 1889. The treaty granted Italy the Northern Ethiopian regions of Bogos, Hamasen and Akale-Guzai which are now part of modern day Eritrea and Tigre. Article XVII of the Amharic version stated that the Emperor of Ethiopia ‘could’ conduct all foreign affairs through Italy. However, in the Italian version, the word ‘must’ was used, thereby officially rendering Ethiopia a protectorate under Italy. Emperor Menelik rejected the treaty in 1893 which was met with a military response as Italy began annexing small territories past the Mareb River, which was demarcated as the border for Eritrea.

The victory at Adwa was primarily due to the sheer size of Menelik’s army but also due to Menelik’s calculated preparations and foresight in stockpiling modern weaponry. Mistakes on the part of the Italian Generals whom used inaccurate maps also contributed to the defeat.

Today in Ethiopia, Adwa is celebrated as a national holiday and signifies the prestige that Ethiopia holds among its own people and in Africa. The Battle of Adwa must be seen in the light of other historical events such as the Haitian Revolution (1804), the Battles of Little Bighorn (1876), Isandlwana (1879) and Khartoum (1885). These were successful cases of colonized and oppressed people, who defeated superior armies in their goal to liberate themselves and assert their independence. 

Read the full story By Omar Z.: The Battle that shook Africa

Source: http://onlineethiopia.net

Ethiopian Airlines’ ShebaMiles to Launch Platinum Tier Level

ethiopian-airlines-shebamilesEthiopian Airlines has recently announced that it has introduced a Platinum tier level in its frequent flyer loyalty program, ShebaMiles, as of January 2017.

The Platinum tier level offers extra benefits to frequent flyers that accrue 75, 000 status miles or 60 qualifying segments within one calendar year, Jan 1st –Dec 31st with in the validity period of two years, in addition to the remaining months in the qualification year.

Ethiopian Airlines Group CEO Mr. Tewolde GebreMariam said, “ In our continuous effort of improving the special benefits to our high value and loyal customers, we have now launched a Platinum Tier level, offering our ShebaMiles members enormous privileges, from dedicated hotline service at our Global Call Center to personalized assistance up on departure at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport, three complimentary upgrade with in the platinum tier validity, guaranteed seat up to 24 hours before departure in the highest booking class-both in our cloud nine and economy classes, 100 % tier bonus Miles and extra baggage allowance on ET operated flights and so much more. These are in addition to the benefits enjoyed by our Gold members. At last, I would like to take this opportunity to thank our customers for their continued patronage and for their strong vote of confidence in choosing Ethiopian Airlines as their carrier of choice.”

RELATED: Ethiopian Airlines Plan Record Expansion for 2017

Ethiopian Airlines has recently redesigned its ShebaMiles web page to improve customers’ online experience in terms of ease of use, data quality and better control on account management through enhanced self-service options. Customers flying both on Ethiopian or the Star Alliance network worldwide, can easily access and enjoy membership privileges on www.ethiopianairlines.com.

Source: Ethiopian Airlines
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