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Is the New Proposed Legislation to Provide Reparations for African Americans Reasonable?

un-panel-reparationsWashington, DC — On February 10, 2017, proposed legislation was submitted to the DC Board of Elections. It is a model for legislators to provide opportunities for previous slave owners, and those that participated in enslavement of African Americans families to make amends.

The proposed legislation submitted by John Cheeks, head of the United States Citizens Recovery Initiative Alliance Inc. (USCRIA), is the first legislation to provide benefits, at no cost to the taxpayers. It is also an opportunity for individual families, industries, businesses, faith-based institutions, governments and others to be held accountable.

The Legislation will help descendants of American Slaves, many of whom live in poor, underserved, and high crime areas in the United States. The benefits are not handouts, and differ from other historical reparations, such as those given to Japanese citizens entered during WW II and Native Americans.

The benefits include:

  1.  Aid to businesses
  2.  Providing educational opportunities
  3.  Improving Health
  4.  Providing Mental Health, Alcohol and Substance Abuse care
  5.  Housing Ownership
  6.  Financial Protection
  7.  Veterans Rights
  8.  Credit Acceptance
  9.  Career Rights

Cheeks comments, “All benefits are designed to improve life for individuals, families and communities. In doing so, the nation benefits.”

His proposal is that these benefits will be paid by major U.S. and international corporations and foreign governments which fostered and participated in slave trade. Budgets are being prepared for distribution of funds collected from those entities that participated in some way with slavery.

Eligibility criteria have been proposed which include proof by DNA testing. Those claiming benefits must be 40% descendants of slaves, and born in the United States.

The proposed law, the DC Recovery Act, objective is to restore identities, cure injuries and provide opportunities and justice to families that were subjected to inhumane treatment.

The proposed legislation was drafted over a year, by a team of experts and citizens working with USCRIA, and was submitted to the DC Board or Elections, on the same date as the United States Congress initiated the Fugitive Slave Law on February 12, 1793.  BlackNews.com

For the complete text of the proposed legislation, go to www.uscria.com/legislation.html

Arguments Against Reparations

The most famous statement of the arguments against reparations comes from David Horowitz, a conservative author in Los Angeles, who took out a series of advertisements in college newspapers in the spring of 2001. His advertisement, entitled, “Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Slavery are a Bad Idea and Racist, Too,” established the basis for the arguments against reparations.

At Brown University, students concerned about the effects of hate speech over campus life seized nearly 4,000 copies of the Brown Daily Herald. At Duke, more than one hundred students demonstrated outside President Nan Keohane’s office demanding that The Chronicle, their campus newspaper, provide a full-page of ad space for students to respond to Horowitz’s attack and that they forfeit the $793.80 fee they received from Horowitz.

At the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a group of progressive students calling themselves “On The Wake of Emancipation” responded to Horowitz’s claim that Black Americans should feel grateful to whites for freeing them from slavery by staging a ceremony of mock appreciation in which students dressed in black, and marched to the steps of Saunders Hall — a campus building named after the founder of the North Carolina chapter of the Ku Klux Klan.

What’s Horowitz’s Agenda?

Horowitz has been paying an average of $800 to $1,000 for each ad that is published. His original intent was to publish in fifty campus newspapers, which would have cost between $40 -$50,000.

Funding for these advertisements supposedly comes from his Center for the Study of Popular Culture, an organization Adolph Reed has derisively referred to as “nothing more than a phone number and mail drop.” While Horowitz is a successful writer, a Guggenheim Fellow, and the editor of Front Page magazine, it seems doubtful that anyone short of the very wealthy would spend this sort of money.

Who is really fronting the cash for Horowitz’s campaign of misinformation?  Read Full Story: Solidarity-us.org

Melanian News Editor’s Note:

The Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Blacks is a Bad Idea for Blacks – and Racist Too by David Horowitz is such an atrocity to the dignity of African-Americans and the history of our forefathers suffering I will not display it on Melanian News nor will I link to it for your perusal—Google it because it is relevant to know what is on the narrow minds of those white Americans who believe what they are told for the benefit of themselves.

It is clearly propaganda that has been circulating in the collective consciousness of white America for many years and not for one instance do I believe David Horowitz acted on his own volition in the preparation of this reprehensible deed nor on his own conviction to afford the tremendous cost of circulating full-page ads of it in newspapers around the country—he is the “fall guy” of an initiative far greater than himself.

In a nation of people who rely on media to guide and inform them they must be given the ten talking points to support an argument against this long overdue reckoning  as we reach the apex of time to address an indisputable wrong –DVB

UN panel says the U.S. owes reparations to African-Americans

The UN Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent said that compensation is necessary to combat the disadvantages caused by 245 years of legally allowing the sale of people based on the color of their skin.

The U.N. group warned that the U.S. has not confronted its legacy of “racial terrorism.”

The report, which is non-binding, specified that reparations can come in a variety of ways, including educational opportunities, psychological rehabilitation, debt cancellation and formal apologies.

Some institutions have started to take these steps. Georgetown University announced earlier this month it would offering free tuition for descendants of the 272 slaves that were sold in 1838 to help pay the university’s debts.

The U.N. report also linked past injustices to recent police killings of black men that have sparked protests across the U.S.

“Contemporary police killings and the trauma that they create are reminiscent of the past racial terror of lynching,” the report said.

The U.S. created a reparations plan in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War that stated that freed families would be granted “forty acres of till-able land” and a mule from the Union Army. The plan, proposed by Union General William T. Sherman after meetings with black community leaders in Savannah, Georgia, was reversed by President Andrew Johnson and the land was returned to plantation owners.  PBS.org

40 Acres and a Mule: Who Came Up With the Idea?

Here’s how this radical proposal — which must have completely blown the minds of the rebel Confederates — actually came about. The abolitionists Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens and other Radical Republicans had been actively advocating land redistribution “to break the back of Southern slaveholders’ power,” as Myers observed. But Sherman’s plan only took shape after the meeting that he and Stanton held with those black ministers, at 8:00 p.m., Jan. 12, on the second floor of Charles Green’s mansion on Savannah’s Macon Street. In its broadest strokes, “40 acres and a mule” was their idea.  Read the Full Story:  PBS.org – Many Rivers to Cross

Why A New Trial for Execution of 14 Year Old: George Stinney, Jr.???

 

From the Editor of Melanian News:

I’m going to put it to you straight:  I believe these things and movies like “12 Years a Slave, Django, etc  are being used to incite civil disobedience and riots so that Marshall Law (which is on standby) can be implemented in Black communities across this nation!   What difference can a new trial make for a boy executed 70 years ago????

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MANNING, S.C. — A judge in South Carolina has opened a hearing to determine whether there will be a new trial for a 14-year-old boy who was executed almost 70 years ago.

George Stinney Jr. was convicted and executed in South Carolina for the murders of two young girls in March 1944 in Alcolu, S.C., just outside of Manning in Clarendon County, S.C., about 60 miles east of Columbia, S.C.

Stinney was black; the girls were white.

For years, there have been questions on whether the trial was fair. Stinney’s supporters believe the young man was forced to confess to the murders, and now they want his conviction thrown out.

They say he did not have proper council and wasn’t allowed to have his parents around when he was questioned. Many of the records in the case, including the confession, have been lost.

Circuit Court Judge Carmen Mullen called the situation a tragedy, but said the hearing isn’t to determine whether Stinney was innocent or guilty.

“The trial lasted only one day. The lawyer didn’t ask any questions on cross-examination which is stipulated to by the state. They called no witnesses, and they offered little or no defense in this case,” Mullen in her opening statement to the court.

Experts say the request for a new trial is a longshot because South Carolina law has a high bar to grant new trials. If the judge finds in favor of Stinney, it could open the door for hundreds of other appeals.

But the Stinney case is unique. At 14, he’s the youngest person executed in the United States in the last 100 years. Even in 1944, there was an outcry over putting someone so young in the electric chair. Newspaper accounts said the straps in the chair didn’t fit around his 95-pound body and an electrode was too big for his leg.

Stinney’s sister, Amie Ruffner, 77, told WLTX-TV on Monday that her brother was innocent.

The trial lasted only one day. The lawyer didn’t ask any questions on cross-examination which is stipulated to by the state. They called no witnesses, and they offered little or no defense in this case.

— Circuit Court Judge Carmen Mullen, in opening statement

Ruffner admits she and her brother saw the girls the day they died after they stopped by to talk about finding some flowers.

However, she said the girls were very much alive when they left, and that she and her brother had to tend to the family cow.

It’s the first time in 70 years Ruffner is breaking her silence, professing the innocence of her older brother.

Ruffner said she knows her brother is innocent because she never left his side after the girls, Mary Emma Thames, 7, and Betty June Binnicker, 11, asked them where they could find flowers as they tended to a family cow near a set of railroad tracks near their home.

“They said ‘could you tell us where we could find some may pops,’ Ruffner recalled. “We said ‘no,’ and they went on about their business.”

The girls were later found in a water-logged ditch in a field.

“Two black cars pulled up in front of our house, and they went in our back door and they came out,” Ruffner said, recalling the day George and her older brother Johny were put in handcuffs and led from their home. They let Johny go, she said, leaving George to face police questioning.

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At the time, both her parents, George Stinney Sr. and Amie Stinney were away from the home, she said.

“(The police) were looking for someone to blame it on, so they used my brother as a scapegoat,” Ruffner said.

A coroner’s inquest and subsequent grand jury indictment for the murder of Thames led Stinney to face trial for the murder at the age of 14.

Stinney was tried and convicted all in the same day. His sentence was to face an electrocution less than 90 days after the girls’ bodies were discovered, despite dozens of letters written to then-South Carolina Gov. Olin Johnston.

Johnston believed Stinney committed the crime to rape one of the girls’ dead bodies, though an examination report of the girls’ bodies showed something different.

In court Tuesday, Ernest “Chip” Finney III, the prosecutor arguing against him, is the son of South Carolina’s first black chief justice. Finney argued there shouldn’t be a new trial because the evidence was lost with the passage of time, not destroyed. He said he is shocked and dismayed that the justice system took such little regard for a boy’s life, but that was the way justice operated at that time.

“Back in 1944, we should have known better, but we didn’t,” Finney said.

South Carolina executed 59 people in the 1940s. Fifty of them were black, according to the Death Penalty Information Center. The state’s black population was 43% back then.

Relatives of the girls have recently spoken out as well, saying Stinney was known around town as a bully who threatened to fight or kill people who came too close to the grass where he grazed the family cow.

The hearing will continue Wednesday. It is not clear when the judge will rule.

Most Beautiful Art I Have Ever Witnessed!

http://ted.com/talks/view/id/1085